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ISSN : 1226-9999(Print)
ISSN : 2287-7851(Online)
Environmental Biology Research Vol.36 No.3 pp.336-344
DOI : https://doi.org/10.11626/KJEB.2018.36.3.336

Four New Species of the Genus Alloclubionoides (Araneae: Agelenidae) from Korea

Seung Tae Kim*, Jung Sun Yoo1, Sue Yeon Lee1
Life and Environment Research Institute, Konkuk University, Seoul 05029, Republic of Korea
1Division of Animal Resources, National Institute of Biological Resources, Incheon 22689, Republic of Korea
Corresponding author : Seung Tae Kim, Tel. 02-2049-6163, E-mail. stkim2000@hanmail.net
12/07/2018 03/08/2018 03/08/2018

Abstract


Four new species of the genus Alloclubionoides collected from mountain litter and hillock litter around the agricultural ecosystem of Korea are described in the present work with appropriate body measurements and morphological illustrations; A. hwaseongensis sp. nov., A. imi sp. nov., A. namhansanensis sp. nov. and A. nasuta sp. nov. Females of A. hwaseongensis sp. nov., A. namhansanensis sp. nov. and A. nasuta sp. nov. can be distinguished based on the epigyne shape and structure of internal genitalia from previously described species. Males of A. imi sp. nov. can also be distinguished based on the shapes of retrolateral tibial apophysis, embolus tip and conductor from previously described species. Also, a key to the Korean Alloclubionoides spiders is provided. Alloclubionoides gajiensis Seo, 2014 is newly synonymized with Alloclubionoides cochlea (Kim et al. 2007).



초록


    National Institute of Biological Resources
    201601201

    INTRODUCTION

    The genus AlloclubionoidesPaik, 1992 was described based on the male with sclerotized tegulum, tegular apophysis, tibia length of male palp, interdistance between posterior median eye and posterior lateral eye, spiniation of legs and length of posterior spinneret from Korea (Paik 1992). A total of thirty-two Alloclubionoides species are distributed over a restrictive group of endemic species in Far East areas: seven in China, one in Japan, twenty in Korea and four in Russia (World Spider Catalog 2018).

    During a intensive survey of the epigeic spider fauna in various ecosystems, a large number of the spiders in subfamily Coelotinae was collected by pitfall traps. Among them, four new species belonging to the genus Alloclubionoides were recognized. In this paper, A. hwaseongensis sp. nov., A. imi sp. nov., A. namhansanensis sp. nov. and A. nasuta sp. nov. are described with measurements and morphological illustrations as new species.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS

    The external morphology was examined using a stereoscopic dissecting microscope (LEICA, S8APO) and illustrated. Photographs of body were taken with a CANON 650D with 60 mm macro-lens. Measurements of each part of the body were taken with an ocular micrometer scale and are recorded in millimeters. Scale bars in the figures are also recorded in millimeters. Leg and palp (left) measurements are given as “leg number - total length (femur, patella, tibia, metatarsus, tarsus)”. Leg spiniation was examined with left side. The internal genitalia of females were prepared with 10% of KOH solution for 6 hours and tissue pieces around it were removed with brushes and needles.

    The descriptive terminology of male palp and epigyne and internal genitalia in the description follows Wang (2002) and Kim and Lee (2006). Abbreviations used are as follows: ALE=anterior lateral eye, AME=anterior median eye, PLE=posterior lateral eye, PME=posterior median eye, AER=anterior eye row and PER=posterior eye row in eye region; d=dorsal surface, v=ventral surface, p=prolateral surface and r=retrolateral surface in leg spiniation; AF=atrial hood; AS=atrial septum; CD=copulatory duct; CF=cymbial furrow; Co=conductor; EA=epigynal atrium; EH=epigynal hood; Em=embolus; EmT=embolus tip; FD=fertilization duct; RTA=retrolateral tibial apophysis; Sp=spermatheca; SpH=spermathecal head and Tr=trichobothrium in the figures. The examined specimens of this study were deposited in the collection of National Institute of Biological resources (NIBR), Korea.

    TAXONOMY

    • Order Araneae Clerck, 1757

    • Family Agelenidae Koch, 1837

    • Subfamily Coelotinae F.O.P.-Cambridge, 1893

    • Genus AlloclubionoidesPaik, 1992

    Key to the Korean Alloclubionoides species

    1. Females (those of A. imi unknown) ································ 2 - Males (those of A. bifidus, A. geumensis, A. hwaseongensis, A. namhansanensis, A. nasuta and A. yangyangensis unknown) ······································································ 24

    2. Copulatory duct exposed out of epigyne ··········· A. bifidus - Copulatory duct unexposed out of epigyne ··················· 3

    3. Atrial hood present ························································· 4 - Atrial hood absent ··························································· 7

    4. A pair of atrial hoods prominent ···································· 5 - A pair of atrial hoods smooth ········································· 6

    5. Atrial septum triangular ·································· A. lunatus - Atrial septum absent ·························· A. namhansanensis

    6. Upper epigynal margin rimmed ····················· A. coreana - Upper epigynal margin not rimmed ···· A. hwaseongensis

    7. Epigyne with one atrium ················································ 8 - Epigyne with two atrium ······················ A. yangyangensis

    8. Atrium longer than wide ····················· A. quadrativulvus - Atrium wider than long ··················································· 9

    9. Upper epigynal margin almost straight ···· A. namhaensis - Upper epigynal margin curved ····································· 10

    10. Atrium duct and Fertilization duct contiguous ··········· A. naejangensis

      - Atrium duct and Fertilization duct separated ············· 11

    11. Spermathecal head hidden under the copulatory duct ····· ··································································· A. terdecimus - Spermathecal head not hidden under the copulatory duct ····················································································· 12

    12. Fertilization duct long ····························· A. jirisanensis - Fertilization duct short ··············································· 13

    13. Atrium divided into 3 sections ························ A. nasuta - Atrium undivided ······················································· 14

    14. Artrium reduced ························································· 15 - Artrium large, unreduced ··········································· 17

    15. Spermathecal head short ··························· A. geumensis - Spermathecal head long ············································· 16

    16. Atrium round ····················································· A. euini - Atrium triangular ············································ A. jaegeri

    17. Spermatheca cylindrical, twisted ······························· 18 - Spermatheca otherwise ·············································· 21

    18. Copulatory duct broadly curved ······················ A. ovatus - Copulatory duct linear ················································ 19

    19. Spermathecal head located at posterior part of spermathecal stalk ················································ A. dimidiatus - Spermathecal head located at anterior part of spermathecal stalk ································································· 20

    20. Spermathecal head oriented upward ············· A. cochlea - Spermathecal head oriented outward ················· A. kimi

    21. Spermatheca fingerstall-shaped ························· A. solea - Spermatheca spherical ··············································· 22

    22. Spermathecal head finger-shaped ········· A. paikwunensis - Spermathecal head cylindrical ··································· 23

    23. Genital opening located at the middle ····························· ·························································· A. wolchulsanensis - Genital opening located at the bottom ···· A. namhaensis

    24. Embolus thick ···························································· 25 - embolus slender ························································· 35

    25. Conductor dorsal apophysis present ·························· 26 - Conductor dorsal apophysis absent ······················ A. imi

    26. Median apophysis present ·········································· 27 - Median apophysis absent ··········································· 31

    27. Median apophysis ridge-shaped ··············· A. terdecimus - Median apophysis otherwise ······································ 28

    28. Embolus tip hidden, penetrating tegulum ······················· ·························································· A. wolchulsanensis - Embolus tip not hidden, not penetrating tegulum ······ 29

    29. Embolus tip pointed ··················································· 30 - Embolus tip with 3 denticles ·················· A. namhaensis

    30. Conductor hook-shaped, modified with intermediate tibial apophysis ·········································· A. jirisanensis - Conductor saddle-shaped, modified without intermediate tibial apophysis ············································ A. solea

    31. Retrolateral tibial apophysis doubly layered ··················· ······································································· A. coreana - Retrolateral tibial apophysis not layered ···················· 32

    32. Conductor hidden by distal part of embolus ··················· ········································································A. cochlea - Conductor not hidden ················································· 33

    33. Cymbium furrow length 1/4 of cymbium ·················· 34 - Cymbium furrow length 1/5 of cymbium ····· A. lunatus

    34. Conductor dorsal apophysis pointed, embolus tip coiled ······························································· A. naejangensis - Conductor dorsal apophysis pointed, embolus tip coiled ···························································· A. quadrativulvus

    35. Median apophysis present ·········································· 36 - Median apophysis absent ··········································· 39

    36. Median apophysis semicircular ·································· 37 - Median apophysis otherwise ······································ 38

    37. Retrolateral tibial apophysis doubly layered ····· A. euini - Retrolateral tibial apophysis not layered ········ A. jaegeri

    38. Conductor ‘p’-shaped with round tip ·············· A. ovatus - Conductor hook-shaped with round tip ··························· ······························································· A. paikwunensis

    39. Retrolateral tibial apophysis modified with intermediate retrolateral tibial apophysis ································ A. kimi - Retrolateral tibial apophysis modified without interme diate retrolateral tibial apophysis ············· A. dimidiatus

    Alloclubionoides hwaseongensis sp. nov. 화성가게거미 (신칭) (Fig. 1)

    Type. Holotype female from Yulam-ri, Paltan-myeon, Hwaseong-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea (126°52ʹ47.36ʺE, 37° 11ʹ15.00ʺN, 23 m), 09-XI-2016, S.T. Kim and S.Y. Lee.

    Etymology. The specific epithet refers to the type locality, Hwaseong-si.

    Diagnosis. The female of A. hwaseongensis sp. nov. is similar to A. lunatus by the shape of epigyne, but can be distinguished by the shallow atrium, almost flat atrial hood, medially located copulatory ducts, and horizontally extending spermatheca.

    Description. Female (holotype). Total length 11.83. Carapace 5.95 long, 3.43 wide. Eye: ALE 0.25, AME 0.15, PLE 0.17, PME 0.17; AME-AME 0.10, AME-ALE 0.05, AMEPME 0.20, PME-PME 0.15, PME-PLE 0.25, ALE-PLE 0.08; AER 1.00, PER 1.34. Chelicera 2.65 long, 1.34 wide. Endite 1.75 long, 1.06 wide. Labium 1.05 long, 0.72 wide. Sternum 2.65 long, 2.10 wide. Legs: I - 12.72 (3.60, 1.65, 3.00, 2.80, 1.67); II - 11.15 (3.30, 1.60, 2.50, 2.58, 1.17); III - 9.33 (2.82, 1.34, 2.00, 2.07, 1.10); IV - 15.00 (4.00, 1.66, 3.32, 4.02, 2.00). Palp 4.98 (1.80, 0.60, 0.95, - , 1.63). Abdomen 4.90 long, 2.78 wide. Epigyne 0.60 long, 0.95 wide.

    Carapace: head region blackish brown anteriorly, turbid and light blackish brown posteriorly, margin dark blackish brown and rimmed; thoracic region turbid and light blackish brown with rimmed margin; covered densely with short and long blackish brown hairs around eye region; longer than wide; cervical furrow and radial furrow light blackish brown and distinct; longitudinal fovea blackish brown and needle-shaped (Fig. 1a). Eyes: all eyes encircled with black; AER slightly recurved from above and PER almost straight from above (Fig. 1b); AME smaller than the other eyes. Chelicera: robust, dark blackish brown with numerous long black setae; lateral condyle yellowish brown; three promarginal teeth, middle one largest, two retromarginal teeth (Fig. 1c). Endite: bean-shaped, turbid blackish brown with light anterior tip bearing grayish brown scopula; covered densely with long and short black setae. Labium almost rectangular, turbid blackish brown with pale yellowish white anterior tip bearing grayish brown scopula; covered densely with long and short black setae (Fig. 1d). Sternum: shield-shaped with truncated anterior end, turbid yellowish brown, margin dark yellowish brown and rimmed; covered densely with long and short black setae; protruded slightly between fourth coxae (Fig. 1e). Legs: stout and turbid blackish brown; no annuli; prolateral surface of femur of legs I and II, and retrolateral surface of femur of leg IV without hairs; leg formula 4-1-2-3. Leg spiniation: I (femur 1-1d, 1-1p; tibia 1p, 2-2-2v; metatarsus 1p, 2-2-2v); II (femur 1-1-1-1d; tibia 1-1p, 1-1-2v; metatarsus 1d, 1-1p, 2-2-2v); III (femur 1-1- 1-1-2-1d; patella 1-1d, 1p, 1r; tibia 1d, 1-1p, 1-1r, 2-2-2v; metatarsus 2-2d, 1-1-1p, 1-1-1r, 2-2-2v; tarsus 1-1p, 1r); IV (femur 1-1-1-2-1d; patella 1d, 1p, 1r; tibia 1-1d, 1-1p, 1-1r, 2-2-2v; metatarsus 1-1d, 1-1-1p, 1-1-1r, 1-1-1-1-1-2v; tarsus 1-1p, 1-1r). Abdomen: ovoid, turbid and mottled blackish brown; four to five pale blackish brown chevrons on the posterior part; longer than wide (Fig. 1a).

    Epigyne: hood indistinct; atrium round and shallow; short and pointed atrial septum over the broad atrial hood at the bottom; wider than long (Fig. 1f); copulatory ducts originating medially and extending posteriolaterally; spermatheca with few knots long and extending horizontally; spermathecal head indistinct between copulatory duct and anterior spermatheca; small and pointed fertilization duct at the bottom arising from posterior spermatheca (Fig. 1g).

    Ecological remarks. This species was collected by pitfall traps in the hillock litter around the agricultural ecosystem. Distribution. Korea (endemic).

    Alloclubionoides imi sp. nov. 문순가게거미 (신칭) (Fig. 2)

    Type. Holotype male from Ami-ri, Misan-myeon, Yeoncheon- gun, Gyeonggi-do, Korea (126°55ʹ52.53ʺE, 38° 01ʹ41.88ʺN, 64m), 12-VIII-2002, S.T. Kim.

    Etymology. The specific epithet is a patronym in honor of Dr. Im, Moon Soon, the Korean arachnologist who dedicated his life to spider research.

    Diagnosis. The male of A. imi sp. nov. is similar to A. naejangensis by the palp structure, but can be easily distinguished by three-layered and triangular retrolateral tibial apophysis; bifurcated and slightly swollen embolus tip; hook-shaped long conductor without conductor apophysis.

    Description. Male (holotype). Total length 12.72. Carapace 6.27 long, 3.90 wide. Eye: ALE 0.20, AME 0.13, PLE 0.20, PME 0.20; AME-AME 0.06, AME-ALE 0.07, AMEPME 0.20, PME-PME 0.17, PME-PLE 0.20, ALE-PLE 0.08; AER 0.95, PER 1.35. Chelicera 2.62 long, 1.28 wide. Endite 1.83 long, 0.90 wide. Labium 1.05 long, 0.75 wide. Sternum 2.93 long, 2.25 wide. Legs: I, 15.53 (4.40, 1.85, 3.95, 3.96, 1.37); II, 14.52 (4.00, 1.87, 3.25, 3.20, 2.20); III, 13.06 (3.15, 1.70, 2.80, 3.52, 1.89); IV, 17.63 (4.30, 1.90, 4.00, 4.95, 2.48). Palp 6.39 (2.15, 0.70, 0.82, - , 2.72). Abdomen 6.38 long, 4.05 wide.

    Carapace: anterior head region dark reddish brown, lighter posteriorly, margin blackish brown and rimmed; thoracic region yellowish brown; covered densely with short and long blackish brown hairs around eye region; longer than wide; cervical furrow and radial furrow reddish brown and distinct; longitudinal fovea dark reddish brown and needle- shaped (Fig. 2a). Eyes: all eyes encircled with black; AER slightly recurved and PER almost straight from above (Fig. 2b); AME smaller than the other eyes. Chelicera: robust, dark reddish brown with numerous long black setae; lateral condyle dark yellowish brown; three promarginal teeth, middle one largest, two retromarginal teeth (Fig. 2c). Endite: bean-shaped, dark reddish brown with pale yellowish white anterior tip bearing reddish brown scopula; covered densely with long and short black setae. Labium almost rectangular, dark reddish brown with pale yellowish white anterior tip bearing reddish brown scopula; covered densely with long and short black setae (Fig. 2d). Sternum: shield-shaped, light reddish brown, margin dark reddish brown and rimmed; covered densely with long and short black setae; not protruded between fourth coxae (Fig. 2e). Legs: stout and yellowish brown; no annuli; prolateral surface of femur of legs I and II and retrolateral surface of femur of leg IV without hairs; leg formula 4-1-2-3. Leg spiniation: I (femur 1d, 1-1p; tibia 2-2-2v; metatarsus 1p, 2-2-3v); II (femur 1-1d, 1p; tibia 1-1p, 1-2-2v; metatarsus 1p, 1r, 2-1v); III (femur 1-1-1-2d; patella 1p, 1r; tibia 1d, 1-1p, 1-1r, 2-2-2v; metatarsus 1-1-1p, 1-1-1r, 2-2-2v; tarsus 1-1p, 1r, 1v); IV (femur 1-1-2d; patella 1r; tibia 1-1p, 1-1r, 1-2-2v; metatarsus 3-1-2d, 1-1p, 1-1r, 2-2-2v; tarsus 1-1p). Abdomen: ovoid and mottled grayish brown; light cardiac pattern and a pair of muscle impressions visible; four to five chevrons posteriorly; longer than wide (Fig. 2a).

    Palp (Fig. 2f-i): patellar apophysis absent; three-layered retrolateral tibial apophysis triangular; cymbial furrow short and distinct, about 1/3 of cymbial length; embolus thick and long, wound counterclockwise; bifurcated embolus tip located under the conductor tip broad and slightly swollen; hook-shaped long conductor extending anteriomedially, no conductor dorsal apophysis; nine trichobothria situated on the retrolateral surface of cymbium; no median apophysis.

    Ecological remarks. This species was collected by pitfall traps in the hillock litter near the agricultural reservoir.

    Distribution. Korea (endemic).

    Alloclubionoides namhansanensis sp. nov. 남한산가게거미 (신칭) (Fig. 3)

    Type. Holotype female from Mt. Namhansan, Sanseongri, Jungbu-myeon, Gwangju-si, Gyeonggi-do, Korea (127° 10ʹ24.90ʺE, 37°28ʹ00.68ʺN, 190 m), 31-VII-2015, J.K. Jung.

    Etymology. The specific epithet refers to the type locality, Mt. Namhansan.

    Diagnosis. The female of A. namhansanensis sp. nov. is also similar to A. lunatus by the shape of epigyne, but can be distinguished by the absence of atrial septum, shape of thick spermatheca with few knots extending horizontally; location and finger-shaped spermathecal head; small, curved and pointed fertilization duct.

    Description. Female (holotype). Total length 12.32 (habitus). Carapace 5.97 long, 3.70 wide. Eye: ALE 0.30, AME 0.13, PLE 0.20, PME 0.22; AME-AME 0.07, AME-ALE 0.10, AME-PME 0.16, PME-PME 0.15, PME-PLE 0.27, ALE-PLE 0.08; AER 1.15, PER 1.24. Chelicera 3.05 long, 1.30 wide. Endite 1.90 long, 1.05 wide. Labium 1.15 long, 0.90 wide. Sternum 2.90 long, 2.27 wide. Legs: I, 13.49 (3.82, 1.72, 3.20, 2.95, 1.80); II, 11.69 (3.30, 1.70, 2.14, 2.75, 1.80); III, 10.83 (3.00, 1.53, 2.35, 2.90, 1.05); IV, 15.53 (4.00, 1.85, 3.45, 4.30, 1.93). Palp 4.97 (1.90, 0.80, 1.05, - , 1.22). Abdomen 5.93 long, 3.90 wide. Epigyne 1.15 long, 1.60 wide.

    Carapace: head region blackish brown; thoracic region light blackish brown with rimmed margin; covered densely with short and long blackish brown hairs around eye region; longer than wide; cervical furrow and radial furrow light blackish brown and distinct; longitudinal fovea blackish brown and needle-shaped (Fig. 3a). Eyes: all eyes encircled with black; AER slightly recurved from above and PER straight from above (Fig. 3b); AME smaller than the other eyes. Chelicera: robust, dark blackish brown with numerous long black setae; lateral condyle dark yellowish brown; three promarginal teeth, middle one largest, two retromarginal teeth (Fig. 3c). Endite: bean-shaped, blackish brown with darker margin and light anterior tip bearing pale blackish brown scopula; covered densely with long and short black setae. Labium almost rectangular, blackish brown with pale yellowish white anterior tip bearing long black setae; covered densely with long and short black setae (Fig. 3d). Sternum: shield-shaped with truncated anterior end, reddish brown with dark reddish brown margin; covered densely with long black setae; not protruded slightly between fourth coxae (Fig. 3e). Legs: stout and light reddish brown; no annuli; prolateral surface of femur of legs I and II, and retrolateral surface of femur of leg IV without hairs; leg formula 4-1-2-3. Leg spiniation: I (femur 1-1d, 1-1p; tibia 1p, 2-2-2v; metatarsus 2-2-2v); II (femur 1-1-1-1d; tibia 1p, 2-2-2v; metatarsus 1p, 1r, 2-2-1v); III (femur 2-2-3d; patella 1p, 1r; tibia 1-1p, 1-1r, 2-2-2v; metatarsus 2-2-2d, 1-1p, 1-1r, 2-2-2v; tarsus 1-1p, 1r); IV (femur 1-1-2d; patella 1p, 1r; tibia 1-1p, 1-1r, 2-2-2v; metatarsus 1-1-2d, 1-1- 1p, 1-1-1r, 1-1-1-1-2v; tarsus 1-1p, 1r). Abdomen: ovoid, mottled grayish brown; four light grayish brown chevrons on the posterior part; longer than wide (Fig. 3a).

    Epigyne: hood indistinct; atrium round and shallow; no atrial septum; wider than long (Fig. 3f); copulatory ducts originating posteriolaterally and extending upwards; spermatheca with few knots broad and extending horizontally; tiny and finger-shaped spermathecal head distinct, located above fertilization duct; small and pointed fertilization duct bend at the bottom arising from posterior spermatheca (Fig. 3g).

    Ecological remarks. This species was collected by pitfall traps in the litter of natural forest in the mountain.

    Distribution. Korea (endemic).

    Alloclubionoides nasuta sp. nov. 코가게거미 (신칭) (Fig. 4)

    Type. Holotype female from Yeorae-ri, Jinyeong-eup, Gimhae-si, Gyeongsangnam-do, Korea (128°74ʹ01.49ʺE, 35°30ʹ02.42ʺN, 43 m), 24-IX-2008, S.T. Kim and S.Y. Lee.

    Etymology. The specific epithet (Latin, nasuta meaning big-nosed) refers to the nose-shaped epigynal atrium of female epigyne.

    Diagnosis. The female of A. nasuta sp. nov. is closely similar to A. cochlea by the shape of epigyne, but can be distinguished by the short, curved and finger-shaped spermathecal head, and internal structure of epigynal atrium, abdominal pattern and leg spiniation.

    Description. Female (holotype). Total length 14.21 (habitus). Carapace 6.52 long, 3.95 wide. Eye: ALE 0.27, AME 0.15, PLE 0.20, PME 0.20; AME-AME 0.03, AME-ALE 0.07, AME-PME 0.20, PME-PME 0.14, PME-PLE 0.35, ALE-PLE 0.07; AER 1.25, PER 1.63. Chelicera 3.55 long, 2.05 wide. Endite 2.00 long, 1.18 wide. Labium 1.25 long, 1.00 wide. Sternum 2.94 long, 2.40 wide. Legs: I, 14.15 (3.90, 1.85, 3.30, 3.15, 1.95); II, 12.20 (3.30, 1.67, 2.73, 2.65, 1.85); III, 11.28 (3.05, 1.70, 2.05, 2.93, 1.55); IV, 15.92 (4.15, 1.95, 3.55, 4.27, 2.00). Palp 5.65 (1.97, 0.92, 1.03, - , 1.84). Abdomen 6.48 long, 4.52 wide. Epigyne 1.95 long, 1.40 wide.

    Carapace: head region turbid blackish brown, darker anteriorly; thoracic region turbid yellowish brown and rimmed; covered densely with short and long blackish brown hairs around eye region; longer than wide; cervical furrow and radial furrow dark blackish brown and distinct; longitudinal fovea dark reddish brown and needle-shaped (Fig. 4a). Eyes: all eyes encircled with black; AER slightly recurved and PER almost straight from above (Fig. 4b); AME smaller than the other eyes. Chelicera: robust, dark blackish brown with numerous long blackish brown setae; lateral condyle light yellowish brown; three promarginal teeth, middle one largest, two retromarginal teeth (Fig. 4c). Endite: beanshaped, dark blackish brown with pale yellowish white anterior tip bearing turbid grayish brown scopula; covered densely with long and short black setae. Labium almost rectangular, dark blackish brown with pale yellowish white anterior tip bearing turbid grayish brown scopula; covered densely with long and short black setae (Fig. 4d). Sternum: shield-shaped, light blackish brown; covered densely with long and short blackish brown setae; not protruded between fourth coxae (Fig. 4e). Legs: stout and light blackish brown; no annuli; prolateral surface of femur of leg Iand II and retrolateral surface of femur of leg III and IV without hairs; leg formula 4-1-2-3. Leg spiniation: I (femur 1-1-1d, 1p; tibia 1p, 2-2-2v; metatarsus 1-1p, 2-2-2v); II (femur 1-1- 1-1d; tibia 1p, 2-2-2v; metatarsus 1-1p, 2-2-2v); III (femur 1-1-2-3d; patella 1p, 1r; tibia 1-1p, 1-1r, 2-2-2v; metatarsus 2-2-2d, 1-1p, 1-1r, 2-2-2v; tarsus 1-1p, 1r); IV (femur 1-1- 1-1-3d; patella 1r; tibia 1-1p, 1-1r, 2-2-2v; metatarsus 2-2- 2d, 1-1p, 1-1r, 2-2-2v; tarsus 1-1p, 1-1r). Abdomen: ovoid and turbid grayish brown; no particular pattern; longer than wide (Fig. 4a).

    Epigyne: hood distinct anteriolaterally; atrium divided into three sections and very deep; longer than wide (Fig. 4f); copulatory ducts originating anteriomedially and extending upwards; spermatheca with knots elongated and extending horizontally; short, curved and finger-shaped spermathecal head distinct, located anteriolaterally; small and pointed fertilization duct bend at the bottom arising from posterior spermatheca (Fig. 4g).

    Ecological remarks. This species was collected by pitfall traps in the hillock litter around a sweet persimmon orchard.

    Distribution. Korea (endemic).

    Alloclubionoides cochlea (Kim et al. 2007)

    Ambanus cochlea Kim, Lee and Kwon, 2007: 120(3): 329, figs. 1-20 [holotype ♂, Cheolma, Gijang-gun, Busan-si, Korea, 16-X-2003].

    Alloclubionoides gajiensisSeo 2014: 166, fig. 1A-K, New Synonymy.

    Justification of the synonymy. The detailed bibliographic study of the types of A. cochlea and A. gajiensis showed that A. gajiensis has all the diagnostic characters found in types of A. cochlea in general appearance, epigyne, internal genitalia and palpal structure.

    Distribution. Korea (endemic).

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

    This work was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Biological Resources (NIBR), funded by the Ministry of Environment (MOE) of the Republic of Korea (NIBR 201601201).

    Figure

    KJEB-36-336_F1.gif

    Alloclubionoides hwaseongensis sp. nov. female, holotype. (a) body (specimen in habitus), dorsal view. (b) eye area from above. (c) chelicerae, posterior view. (d) endite and labium, ventral view. (e) sternum, ventral view. (f) epigyne, ventral view. (g) internal genitalia, dorsal view.

    KJEB-36-336_F2.gif

    Alloclubionoides imi sp. nov. male, holotype. (a) body (specimen in habitus), dorsal view. (b) eye area from above. (c) chelicerae, posterior view. (d) endite and labium, ventral view. (e) sternum, ventral view. (f) palp (left), prolateral view. (g) same, ventral view. (h) same, retrolateral view. (i) embolus tip, retrolateral view.

    KJEB-36-336_F3.gif

    Alloclubionoides namhansanensis sp. nov. female, holotype. (a) body (specimen in habitus), dorsal view. (b) eye area from above. (c) chelicerae, posterior view. (d) endite and labium, ventral view. (e) sternum, ventral view. (f) epigyne, ventral view. (g) internal genitalia, dorsal view.

    KJEB-36-336_F4.gif

    Alloclubionoides nasuta sp. nov. female, holotype. (a) body (specimen in habitus), dorsal view. (b) eye area from above. (c) chelicerae, posterior view. (d) endite and labium, ventral view. (e) sternum, ventral view. (f) epigyne, ventral view. (g) internal genitalia, dorsal view.

    Table

    Reference

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